Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tooth extraction; It is a surgical method applied to the teeth that do not respond to the treatment techniques and are also buried in the jaw bone due to the shortage of space. Also, surgical operations are needed to remove cysts and tumors that may form inside the jaw bones and around the dental roots.
Gum surgery; It is a surgical method applied to prevent tooth loss due to inflammation of the gums.
Implants; are a dentistry technology that provides healthier and easier use of prostheses provided to patients. However, it is possible to place it in the jaw bone with a surgical operation.
Some issues should be considered before and after the surgical interventions for the reasons mentioned above.
Things to pay attention before tooth extraction and surgical operations
– If the patient has a systemic disorder and is using any medication, the physician should be informed.
-If the patient has an allergic condition, informing the physician about this issue is very important for the success of the treatment.
-You may need to use various medications before dental operations.
Regular use of these drugs following the recommendations of the dentist will increase the success of the treatment.
– The patient should rinse his mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash before tooth extraction.
Things to pay attention after tooth extraction and surgical operations
– Bleeding is natural for the first 24 hours after surgery. In this case, the sterile tampon provided by the physician should be bitten for half an hour. Strong shaking and suction should be avoided. If there are stitches in the wound area, the area should not be brushed. These stitches should be removed by the physician between 5-7 days.
– Bad breath is very natural in the first days. However, from the second day on, the patient should perform daily dental care.
– After surgical interventions applied in the mouth, no smoking should be allowed for at least 2 days, and alcohol should not be used until the drug treatment is finished.
– Severe pain may occur for 48 to 72 hours after tooth extraction. Painkillers can be taken to relieve pain, but aspirin should not be used as it affects the blood clotting mechanism.
– Swelling and bruising may appear on the cheek in the operation area. To prevent this, an ice water compress should be applied to this area within the first 8 hours. The ice water bag should be applied for 10 minutes and a break of 15 minutes. Longer ice application should not be done. The patient should take the given medicines at the specified doses and times.
– Only liquid foods should be fed in the first week after surgery. Soups, custard, milk, ice cream, and juices are examples of these. Hot foods and beverages should be avoided.
– It should be ensured that the head is up by lying on the night of the surgery with a double pillow.
Things to Pay Attention After Implant Operations
-The patient should pay attention to feeding during the first three months for implant osseointegration. It is useful to consume foods such as milk and yoghurt.
-There should be no food waste around the implant. Therefore, it is necessary to brush the teeth at least twice a day.
-No pressure should be placed on the implant area while eating until the implant is osseointegrated into the bone.