Malocclusion, Skeletal Anomaly, and Orthodontics

Malocclusion can be explained as an abnormal relationship of the teeth or tooth curves of the lower and upper jaw.

In a skeletal anomaly, the relationship of the bones of the lower and upper jaw with each other and the head skeleton is disturbed.

Orthodontics is a specialty that deals with the treatment of these problems.

Orthodontic treatment varies according to the type and age of the anomaly the patient has.

Protective orthodontics includes interventions to prevent orthodontic anomalies in the child.

Stopping orthodontics is performed to prevent the anomaly from occurring by stopping if the child has not been prevented from developing anomaly.

Therapeutic orthodontics is performed to treat the anomaly in the patient who applied to us after the emergence of an orthodontic anomaly.

Orthodontic Anomalies

Although the causes of all tooth – jaw and facial anomalies are not fully known, the main causes are:

Genetic anomalies


Physical factors


Bad habits

Congenital anomalies occurring during the prenatal period during growth and development due to reasons that are not known exactly.

Hormonal disorders and diseases

Diagnostic Methods of Orthodontic Anomalies


Inside and outside mouth photos

Panoramic x-ray

Cephalometric x-ray

Hand – wrist x-ray

Orthodontic model

Orthodontics, on the contrary, is a treatment that can be applied in adult individuals.

Orthodontic Treatment Methods

In line with the diagnosis and treatment planning envisaged by your doctor, it is carried out through removable plates, extra-oral appliances and fixed systems applied on the teeth.

Although the particles given the bracket hanging used in fixed systems are usually metal, they are also produced in color to make children look cute.

Porcelain brackets are also used to overcome the aesthetic problem.

Age Factor in Orthodontic Treatment!

Abnormalities (malocclusion) in the interrelated relations of the upper and lower tooth curves can only be corrected at any age with orthodontic treatment. All we need is the patient’s collaboration with the dentist.

It is possible to correct a large part of the anomalies related to the jaw-facial skeleton with pediatric orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery cooperation are required for the treatment of such problems in adulthood.