Complete and Partial Prostheses are the appliances made to complete the missing teeth, to restore lost chewing function, speech ability and aesthetics. These prostheses are prepared to replace the patient’s lost tissues and teeth. It is appropriate to change the condition of the prostheses, the patient’s oral tissues, teeth according to the patient’s compliance with the rules of using the prosthesis. Since the teeth used in these prostheses can wear out over time, vertical size loss occurs, after which the prostheses lose their ability to chew, as well as various muscular and jaw bone pains by applying pressure to the upper jaw.
If the cleaning and maintenance of full and partial dentures are not done properly, negative developments occur in terms of the health of the prosthesis itself and the patient.
The leftovers and microorganisms accumulating on the prostheses play an active role in the health of the patient using the prosthesis. It causes bad breath and causes discomfort in social relations.
Removable Denture Types
Total Dentures: In cases where the patient has lost all his teeth, total dentures are applied. Although total prostheses applied in the upper jaw give successful results in terms of conservatism, patients may generally encounter difficulties in lower total prostheses.
The choice of teeth according to the face shape and skin color of the patient is very important. In addition, metal individual (special) cages are placed in the prostheses against the risk of falling and breaking during the cleaning of the prostheses.
Especially in the lower jaw, it is necessary to evaluate a partial denture alternative instead of a total denture by evaluating even a single tooth.
Partial (Partial) Prostheses: If it is not appropriate to make a fixed prosthesis in cases where the patient has lost some of his teeth (excessive number of missing teeth or inability of the teeth to carry enough load, etc.) partial prostheses are applied.
Types of partial dentures according to fixed tooth attachment types; crocheted prostheses, telescopic crown prostheses, sliding prostheses, bar prostheses.
Considerations When Using Prosthetics
Removing the prosthesis before going to bed will be appropriate for the health of your mouth tissues. Your mouth tissues, which are under the pressure of your prostheses, will at least be rested while you are asleep.
Prostheses must be cleaned under a stream with a toothbrush or a suitable prosthesis brush.
While cleaning the prostheses, bleach, dish and cleaning detergents should never be used.
For the cleaning of the prosthesis, tablets or solutions specially manufactured should be preferred.
Rough and unpolished surfaces that may occur due to various reasons in dentures make it easier to accumulate food residues. When the polish of the prosthesis disappears, the dentist should be re-polished by going to the dentist as soon as possible.
Once the prostheses have been removed, they must be stored in a container of water.
For the continuity of the health of the mouth tissues where the prosthesis is placed, care should be taken to clean the toothless areas and the teeth, if any.
In partial dentures, it should be known that if the retaining crochet wires are wrapped outside the physician’s control, the fragility of the tooth to which the prosthesis is attached is increased.
If the area around the crochet wire is not cleaned well, the related tooth will rot and inflammation of the surrounding gingival tissues.
Care should be taken to clean the crochet wire and the teeth it contacts with.
Over time, the retention and stabilization of the prostheses may decrease as a result of the melting of the jaw bone (weight change, etc.). When such a situation is encountered, the denture is restored to its former health by feeding to the dentist.