To ensure the continuity of oral and dental health, effective and adequate oral hygiene is required throughout life.


Hormonal changes (especially during menstrual periods) can cause edema in the gums.

Lesions and ulcers caused by Herpes Virus can occur.

Acid and sour foods can cause sensitivity to the gums.

It is a period when bruises and gingivitis are very common.


Any woman who thinks to be pregnant or who is pregnant should go through a dentist’s control. The pregnant woman should be given the necessary information.

In the early stages of pregnancy, edema, redness, bleeding, and tenderness can be seen in the gums. If the necessary oral care is not performed, the formation of tartar increases and bruises develop.

The cause of edema and rash seen on the gums are estrogen and progesterone hormones, which are increased due to pregnancy. This gum disease is called pregnancy periodontitis.

There is no problem with the use of anesthetic agents during dental treatments. However, the warnings of the obstetrician and drug companies should be taken into consideration in the use of antibiotics, pain medications and other medicines.

In pregnant women with morning sickness and frequent vomiting, the acidic environment in the mouth can cause wear and tenderness on the teeth. To prevent this, mouthwashes or at least rinsing the mouth with plenty of water may be recommended.

Pregnant women should consult obstetricians before using anesthetic agents and drugs to be used in dental treatments.

Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills cause pregnancy-like effects (swelling, redness, easy bleeding) due to the hormones they contain (progesterone and estrogen).

When some antibiotics are used with birth control pills, their effects will decrease. Therefore, tell your doctor about the birth control pill you use before your especially long dental treatments.

Long-term use of birth control pills can cause gingivitis.


Menopause is a very important process in the life of women. Hormonal and psychological changes may occur in women during this period. Naturally, oral tissue and teeth take their share from this interaction. During the menopause, there is a serious decrease in the level of estrogen.

It is possible to observe many different symptoms in the mouth environment during menopause. All or a few of these symptoms may be seen in the same person. Symptoms are dry mouth, tenderness in the mouth, osteoporosis, a change in the sense of taste, and a pain or burning sensation in the mouth.

There is no special situation to be considered in dental and gum treatments during menopause.